Publications by Geert Woltjer

Geert Woltjer en Marie-José Smits (2019). De betekenis van mestverwerking in een circulaire economie. Wageningen, Wageningen Economic Research, Nota 2019-029. 24 blz.; 0 fig.; 0 tab.; 28 ref.,

Geert Woltjer, Piet Rijk, Martijn van der Heide (2019). Nederlands milieubeleid is breder dan belastingprikkels. ESB, 4771, pp 114-117, beschikbaar via:

Tommie Ponsioen, Gohar Nuhoff-Isakhanyan, Theun Vellinga, Willy Baltussen, Koen Boone, Geert Woltjer (2019, forthcoming). Monetisation of sustainability impacts of food production and consumption, Internal Report Wageningen Economic Research

Geert Woltjer, Michiel van Galen (ingediend 2019) Industrial Innovation, Labour Productivity, Sales and Employment, International Journal of the Economics of Business

Ana Isabel Sanjuán López, Marie-Luise Rau and Geert Woltjer (2018). Estimation of a database for Non-Tariff Measures (NTMs), Final Report for EC

Geert Woltjer (2018), Methodologies for Measuring the Macroeconomic and Societal Impacts of the Circular Economy, CIRCULAR IMPACTS Project, available at:

Geert Woltjer (2018), Scenario Analysis for a Circular Economy, CIRCULAR IMPACTS Project, , available at:

Marie-José Smits and Geert Woltjer (2018), Phosphorus Recycling from Manure: A Case Study on the Circular Economy, CIRCULAR IMPACTS project, available at:

Geert Woltjer, et al (2018), Insights from the CIRCULAR IMPACTS case studies, CIRCULAR IMPACTS project, available at:

Marie-José Smits, Geert Woltjer (2018), Methodology for the case studies, CIRCULAR IMPACTS project, available at:

van der Hilst F, Verstegen JA, Woltjer G, Smeets EMW, Faaij APC (2018). Mapping land use changes resulting from biofuel production and the effect of mitigation measures. GCB Bioenergy, 10(1), 804-824, available at

Woltjer, Geert (2017), De economische manier van denken, Coutinho, Bussum, vierde druk, ISBN9789046905852.

Geert Woltjer, Vassilis Daioglou, Berien Elbersen, Goizeder Barberena Ibañez, Edward Smeets, David Sánchez González, Javier Gil Barnó (2017), Study Report on Reporting Requirements on Biofuels and Bioliquids stemming from the Directive (EU) 2015/1513, EC,

Geert Woltjer, Marius Hasenheit, Vasileios Rizos, Igor Taranic, Cristian Stroia (2017). Why are Green Fiscal Policies such a small part of Green Economic Policies? Evidence from three European Countries, in: The Green Market Transition: Carbon Taxes, Energy Subsidies and Smart Instrument Mixes, Edward Elgar, 2017, chapter 11, ISBN: 978 1 78811 116 4.

G.J. Nabuurs, M.J. Schelhaas, J. Oldenburger, A. de Jong, R. Schrijver, G. Woltjer, H. Silvis (2016). Nederlands bosbeheer en bos- en houtsector in de bio-economie – Scenario’s tot 2030 in een internationaal bio-economie perspectief. Alterra Rapport 2747. Alterra, LEI, Probos. 83 p.

Geert Woltjer and Edward Smeets (2016), Biofuel commitments in India and international trade, in: Floor Brouwer and P.K. Joshi (2016), International trade and food security; the future of Indian agriculture, New Delhi, chapter 11., ISBN9781780642826

Geert Woltjer, Martine Rutten (2016), Indian economic growth and trade agreements: what matters for India and for global markets?, in: Floor Brouwer and P.K. Joshi (2016), International trade and food security; the future of Indian agriculture, New Delhi, chapter 5., ISBN9781780642826.

Verstegen, J. A., van der Hilst, F., Woltjer, G., Karssenberg, D., de Jong, S. M. and Faaij, A. P. C. (2015), What can and can't we say about indirect land-use change in Brazil using an integrated economic – land-use change model?. GCB Bioenergy. doi:10.1111/gcbb.12270

Smeets, E.M.W., Tabeau, A.A., Berkum, S. van, Moorad, J., Meijl, J.C.M. van, Woltjer, G.B. (2014), The impact of the rebound effect of the use of first generation biofuels in the EU on greenhouse gas emissions: A critical review, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews vol 38, p. 393 – 403, available at

Martin Banse, Franziska Junker, Anne Gerdien Prins, Elke Stehfest, Andrzej Tabeau, Geert Woltjer, Hans van Meijl (2014), Global impact of multinational biofuel mandates on land use, feedstock prices, international trade and land-use greenhouse gas emissions, Landbauforschung Volkenrode 06/2014; 64(2):59-71, available at

Achterbosch, Thom, Heleen Bartelings, Siemen Berkum, Hans Meijl, Andrzej Tabeau, and Geert Woltjer. 2014. ‘The Effects of Bioenergy Production on Food Security’. In: Socio-Economic Impacts of Bioenergy Production, edited by Dominik Rutz and Rainer Janssen, 95–109. Springer International Publishing, ISBN 978-3-319-35177-3.

Eloi Lennon Dalla-Nora, Ana Paula Dutra de Aguiar, David Montenegro Lapola, Geert Woltjer (2014), Why have land use change models for the Amazon failed to capture the amount of deforestation over the last decade?, Land Use Policy, Volume 39, July 2014, P. 403–411, available at

Woltjer, G., M. Kuiper and L.-M. team (2014). The MAGNET model - Module description. LEI Report 14-057. The Hague, LEI Wageningen UR,

Banse, M.A.H.; Rothe, A.; Tabeau, A.A.; Meijl, H. van; Woltjer, G.B. (2013), Access to Capital and .Agricultural Land Demand, In: Land, Labour and Capital Markets in European Agriculture: persity under a Common Policy / Swinnen, J.F.M., Knops, L., . - Brussels, Belgium : Centre for European Policy Studies, - p. 100 – 112, available at

Geert Woltjer and Maarten Vendrik (2013), Implementation of unemployment and sector wage development in a global CGE model, in: 3 Decades of Economic persity: Essays on Labour, Technology and Monetary Economics in honour of prof. dr. Joan Muysken, p115-138, Maastricht : CBS 9106 Design & Print Canon business services.

[Eloi Lennon Dalla-Nora, Ana Paula Dutra de Aguiar, David Montenegro Lapola and Geert Woltjer (2014?), Amazon conservation cannot be a deforestation end in Brazil, submitted.]

Woltjer, G.B. (2013), Modellering van verandering van grondgebruik en bosbouw in een algemeen evenwichtsmodel, WOt-paper 21, Wageningen : Wettelijke Onderzoekstaken Natuur & Milieu.

Woltjer, G.B. (2013), Modellering van vleesconsumptie en productie in een algemeen evenwichtsmodel, WOt-paper 22, Wageningen : Wettelijke Onderzoekstaken Natuur & Milieu.

Woltjer, G.B. (2013), Forestry in MAGNET : a new approach for land use and forestry modelling, WOt-werkdocument 320, Wageningen : Wettelijke Onderzoekstaken Natuur & Milieu.

Stehfest, Elke, Maurits van den Berg, Geert Woltjer, Siwa Msangi, Henk Westhoek (2013), Options to reduce the environmental effects of livestock production – Comparison of two economic models, Agricultural Systems, 114, 38–53, available at

Woltjer, Geert, Irina Bezlepkina, et al (2011), The agricultural world in equations: an overview of the main models at LEI. LEI Memorandum 11-151, available at

Woltjer, G.B. (2011), Meat consumption, production and land use: model implementation and scenarios, WOT-werkdocument 268, Wageningen.

Woltjer, G.B. (2011), Biopersiteit en internationale handel, Economisch-Statistische Berichten, 96 (4612S), 59-64.

Banse, M.; Meijl, H. van; Tabeau, A.A.; Woltjer, G.B.; Hellmann, F.; Verburg, P.H. (2011) Impact of EU biofuel policies on world agricultural production and land use, Biomass and Bioenergy, 35: 2385-2390,

Bossche, P. van den, W. Gijselaers, M. Segers, G. Woltjer, P. Kirschner (2011), Team learning: building shared mental models, Instructional Science, 39 (3): 283.

Neumann, K.; Verburg, P.H.; Elbersen, B.S.; Stehfest, E.; Woltjer, G.B. (2011) Multi-scale scenarios of spatial-temporal dynamics in the European livestock sector Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 140 (1-2): 88 – 101.

Prins, A.G., B. Eickhout, M. Banse, H. van Meijl, W. Rienks and G. Woltjer (2011). Global impacts of European agricultural and biofuel policies, Ecology and Society, 16 (1):49.

Banse, M.A.H.; Meijl, J.C.M. van; Woltjer, G.B. (2010) Biofuel Policies, Production, Trade and Land Use, In: The biobased economy: biofuels, materials and chemicals in the post-oil era / Langeveld, H., Sanders, J., Meeusen, M., . - London : Earthscan, ISBN 9781844077700 - 389

Tabeau, Andrzej, Martin Banse, Hans van Meijl and Geert Woltjer (2011), Impact of the EU Biofuels Directive on the EU food supply chain, Journal of Food Products Marketing, 17 (2011)2-3. p. 373 - 385.. :

Hermans, C.M.L.; Geijzendorffer, I.R.; Ewert, F.; Metzger, M.J.; Vereijken, P.H.; Woltjer, G.B.; Verhagen, A. (2010), Exploring the future of European crop production in a liberalised market, with specific consideration of climate change and the regional competitiveness, Ecological Modelling 221 (18): 2177 - 2187.

J.F.M. Helming, A. Pronk, G. Woltjer (2010), Stabilisation of the grain market by the flexible use of grain for bioethanol. LEI-rapport 2010-039, Den Haag.

J.F.M. Helming, A. Pronk, G. Woltjer (2010), Stabilisatie van graanmarkten door flexibel gebruik van graan voor bio-ethanol. LEI-rapport 2010-038, Den Haag.

Schouten, M.A.H.; Polman, N.B.P.; Westerhof, E.J.G.M.; Woltjer, G.B. (2010), Resilience in rural common-pool resource management systems: towards enhancing landscape amenities using a multi-agent approach, in: North American IASC 2010 Conference, Tempe, Arizona, USA, September 30 - October 2, 1010.

Solano Hermosilla, G.; Silvis, H.J.; Woltjer, G.B. (2010) Links between energy and food markets: a preliminary assessment, Den Haag : LEI Wageningen UR, (LEI Rapport / Research Area Natural Resources 2010-032)

Verburg, R., Stehfest, E., Woltjer, G., Eickhout, B. (2009), The effect of agricultural trade liberalisation on land-use related greenhouse gas emissions, Global Environmental Change, 19: 434–446.

Woltjer, Geert (2009), "Economic Development and Biopersity: the environmental Kuznets curve in a policy assessment tool" , in: F. Brouwer and C.M. van der Heide (ed.), Multifunctional rural land management: economics and policies, Earthscan, London, pp. 125-142.

Tabeau, A., H. van Meijl, M. Banse, and G. Woltjer (2008), "Agricultural Incomes development in the EU till 2030: scenario analysis of main driving factors", in: E. Berg, R. Huirne, E. Majewsli, M. Meuwissen, Income stabilization in a changing agricultural world: policy and tools, Wies Jutra, Warsaw, Poland, pp. 29-43.

Woltjer, G.B., M.J.W. Smits, J. Vader et al (2008), Efficiëntie als leidraad voor natuurbeleid?, in: F.M. Brouwer, G.H.P. Dirkx (red) Natuur en landschap in het landelijk gebied: kennis voor beleid, WOT-studie 8, Wageningen, pp 20-25.

Woltjer, G.B. (2008), Land supply and Ricardian rent in a GTAP-model, GTAP 2008 Conference Paper, Global Trade Analysis Project, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN.

Banse, M., Hans van Meijl and Geert Woltjer (2008), Consequences of EU Biofuel Policies on Agricultural Production and Land Use. Choices, 23(3): 22-27.

Banse, M., H. van Meijl, A. Tabeau and G. Woltjer (2008), Will EU Biofuel Policies affect Global Agricultural Markets, European Review of Agricultural Economics, 35: 117-141.

Verburg, R., G. Woltjer, A. Tabeau, B. Eickhout and E. Stehfest (2008), Agricultural trade liberalisation on greenhouse gas emissions; A simulation study using the GTAP-IMAGE modelling framework, Den Haag, LEI, Rapport 3.08.02

Rienks, W. (ed.) (2008), The future of rural Europe: an anthology based on the results of the EURURALIS 2.0 scenario study, Alterra, The Netherlands (Geert Woltjer is one of the many authors).

Eickhout, B. and A.G. Prins (ed.) (2008), EURURALIS 2.0: Technical background and indicator documentation, Wageningen UR and Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, The Netherlands (Geert Woltjer is one of the many authors).

Woltjer, Geert (2008), "Eigendom en economie", Tijdschrift voor het Economisch Onderwijs, Vol. 108 (1): 16-18.

Woltjer, G.B. (2007), "Betekenis van macro-economische ontwikkelingen voor natuur en landschap: Een eerste oriëntatie van het veld", WOT-rapport 50, Wageningen, te downloaden via

Vendrik, Maarten and Woltjer, Geert (2007), "Happiness and loss aversion: Is utility concave or convex in relative income?", Journal of Public Economics, 91: 1423-1448.

Woltjer, Geert (2007), "Beleidsconsequenties van geluksonderzoek", Tijdschrift voor het Economisch Onderwijs, Vol. 107 (2): 68-71

Woltjer, Geert (2007), De economische manier van denken, Coutinho, Bussum, derde druk.

Vendrik, Maarten and Woltjer, Geert (2006), "Happiness and Loss Aversion: When Social Participation Dominates Comparison", IZA Discussion Paper No. 2218, Available at SSRN:

Woltjer, Geert (2006), "Opofferingskosten", Tijdschrift voor het Economisch Onderwijs, Nr. 2, pp. 86-89.

Woltjer, Geert (2005), "Decisions and Macroeconomics: Development and Implementation of a Simulation Game", Journal of Economic Education, Vol. 36, Nr. 2, pp. 139-144.

Woltjer, Geert (2005), "De crisis van de jaren dertig verklaard?", Tijdschrift voor het Economisch Onderwijs, Nr. 2, pp. 92-96. (pdf)

Woltjer, Geert (2005), “Enige beschouwingen naar aanleiding van het werkboek metajuridica van Frank van Dun”, in: Meta’s over de dikke van Dun, Metajuridica Publications 4, Universiteit Maastricht, pp. 48-57. (pdf)

Bossche, P.G.C. van den, W. Gijselaers, M. Segers, and G.B. Woltjer (2005), Sharing Expertise in Management: A study on Team Learning and its Effect on Shared Mental Models, paper presented in Honolulu, Hawaii, The Academy of Management Annual Meeting, 6 august 2005.

Woltjer, Geert (2004), "De nieuwe economie in historisch perspectief", Tijdschrift voor het Economisch Onderwijs, Nr. 6, pp. 305-310. (pdf)

Woltjer, Geert (2004), "Een marktexperiment", Tijdschrift voor het Economisch Onderwijs, Nr. 5, pp. 273-276 (pdf; een programma om formulieren aan te maken is beschikbaar via:

Rienties, Bart, and Woltjer, Geert (2004), "Regular Online Assessment, Motivation and Learning", Meteor Research Memorandum RM/04/030, Universiteit Maastricht.

Woltjer, Geert (2004), "An efficient format for a problem based introductory economics course", Meteor Research Memorandum RM/04/015, Universiteit Maastricht.

Woltjer, Geert (2004), "Crude oil: using a large case to teach introductory economics", Meteor Research Memorandum RM/04/014, Universiteit Maastricht.

Woltjer, Geert (2003), "Investeren in sociaal kapitaal of groei", Unpublished paper (pdf).

Woltjer, Geert (2003), "Geluk en economie", Tijdschrift voor het Economisch Onderwijs, Nr. 6, pp. 402-403. (pdf of concept version)

Woltjer, Geert (2003), "The Dutch Economy between 1945 and 1967 from the Perspective of the Central Bank", in: J. Backhaus et al. (ed), Economic Policy in an Orderly Framework: Liber Amicorum for Gerrit Meijer, Wirtschaft: Forschung und Wissenschaft Bd. 5, Lit Verlag, Münster, pp. 446-454.

Woltjer, Geert (2003), Stuur de economie: Een simulatiespel over de relatie tussen bedrijfsbeslissingen en macro-economische ontwikkelingen, Wolters Noordhoff, Groningen.

Woltjer, Geert (2003), "Heeft de toename van de aandelenkoersen een investeringsimpuls gegeven aan de Nederlandse Economie? ", Maandschrift Economie, vol 76 no 3. pp. 246-253.

Woltjer, GB 2003, 'Heeft de toename van de aandelenkoersen een investeringsimpuls gegeven aan de Nederlandse Economie?', Maandschrift Economie, vol. 67, no. 3, pp. 246-253.

Woltjer, Geert (2003), "Kunnen bedrijfskundigen van algemene economie houden? ", Tijdschrift voor het Economisch Onderwijs, Nr. 3, pp. 195-196.

Woltjer, Geert (2003), "Decisions and macroeconomics: development and implementation of a simulation game", Meteor Research Memorandum RM/03/002, Universiteit Maastricht.

Woltjer, Geert (2002), "Een nieuw simulatiespel: Bedrijfsbeslissingen en macro-economie", Tijdschrift voor het Economisch Onderwijs, Nr. 6, pp. 354-358. (pdf)

Woltjer, Geert (2002), De economische manier van denken, Coutinho, Bussum, 2nd edition.

Woltjer, Geert (2000), 'Macroeconomic Stability: an Agent-Based Simulation', in: Proceedings of the Fifth Joint Conference on Information Sciences, Association for Intelligent Machinery, volume II, pp. 933-936.

Woltjer, Geert (2000), ‘Investigation of Macroeconomic Stability by Microsimulations and Experiment’, in: G. Meijer, W.J.M. Heijman, J.A.C. van Ophem and B.H.J. Verstegen, The Maastricht ISINI-Papers, Shaker Publishing, Maastricht, The Netherlands, ISBN 90-423-0098-1, pp. 679-686

Gijselaers, W.H., Woltjer, G. (1998), ‘Cognitive Science Perspectives On Learning And Instructional Quality’, in: D.T. Tempelaar, F. Wiedersheim-Paul and Elving Gunnarsson, Educational innovation in economics and business II : in search of quality, Dordrecht [etc.] : Kluwer Academic Publishers, pp. 345-354.

Woltjer, G.B. (1997), De economische manier van denken, Coutinho, Bussum.

Woltjer, G.B. (1996), Experimental macroeconomics in: Jahrbuch Ökonomie und Gesellschaft, Bd. 13: Experiments in Economics-Experimente in den Ökonomie, Campus Verlag, Frankfurt/New York, p 156-185.

Woltjer, G.B.(1996), Book Review: Property and Contract in Economics: The Case for Economic Democracy, European Journal of Law and Economics, 3:109-112

Woltjer, G.B. (1995), Coordination in a macroeconomic game: its design and its role in education and experiments, Thesis Rijksuniversiteit Limburg, Universitaire Pers Maastricht, ISBN 90-5278-179-6.

Woltjer, G.B. (1995), "An economic game as an interactive learning environment", in: W.H. Gijselaers, D.T. Tempelaar, P.K. Keizer, J.M. Blommaert, E.M. Bernard, H. Kasper (ed.), Educational innovation in economics and business administration, Kluwer Academic Publishers, ISBN 0-7923-3272-5, p 144-151.

Woltjer, G.B. (1992), Decisions of firms in a macroeconomic game, Paper presented at the IAREP/GEW conference, Frankfurt.

Woltjer, G.B. (1991), Expectations in macroeconomics: An experimental approach, in: Applied psychology in the 1990s, Washington Singer Press, Exeter.

Woltjer, G.B. (1990), Firms in a macroeconomic game, in: H.E. Klein, Problem solving with cases and simulations, WACRA, Needham.

Woltjer, G.B. (1990), A game for teaching micro-economics, in: H.E. Klein, Problem solving with cases and simulations, WACRA, Needham.

Woltjer, G.B. (1988), Towards a general cognitive theory of expectations and behaviour: in search for a new theory of expectations in investment decisions, in, Psychology in micro and macroeconomics, Papers presented at the 13th annual colloquium of IAREP, Leuven, Brussels.

Woltjer, G.B. (1987), A framework for decision analysis with an application to the shipbuilding industry in the Netherlands, in: Understanding economic behaviour, papers presented at the 12th annual colloquium of IAREP, Ebeltoft, Denmark.

Dercksen, W.J. and Geert Woltjer (1985), "Werkt geleide loonpolitiek?", Tijdschrift voor politieke economie, 9, pp. 133-4.